Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean and has no land crossings.
There are three airports through which visitors may enter: Larnaka International Airport; Paphos International Airport; and Ercan International Airport in Nicosia. Most tourists should avoid Ercan* (see Need To Know below).
There are various ferries that operate out of Turkey to Cyprus – we do not recommend this.*
Cyprus is a part of the European Union though not yet a member of the Schengen Zone. Tourist may visit visa-free for up to 90 days.
Cyprus lies in the eastern Mediterranean off the coast of Lebanon and Turkey.
The nation is generally very warm throughout most of the year. Summers are long and dry, while winters are short and cool. Expect temperatures to be 11C – 35C during the summer, with extremes up to 40C.
Most precipitation occurs during the winter, though thunderstorms may appear in the Troodos Mountains.
The majority of the country is low lying and arid. North of Limassol, the Troodos mountains rise up, providing cooler temperatures and some greenery. This area is a major region for Kommandaria wine.
Snow occurs for brief periods, but only in the Troodos Mountains.
Cyprus has a long history, dating back to pre-historic times. The island has seen numerous occupations by various nations including the Egyptians, Greeks, Ottomans, British, and Turks. It served as an important post during the Crusades for those on their way to the Holy Lands. Cyprus came under British rule in 1878 until revolts led to it’s independence in 1960. In 1974, Turkey invaded the northern portion of the island. Cyprus remains divided to this day, with the capital of Nicosia being a split city managed by the UN.